• [Back cover] A novel method to detect mutation in DNA by utilizing exponential amplification reaction triggered by the CRISPR-Ca
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  • 2021-04-28 14:21:50|
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Title: A novel method to detect mutation in DNA by utilizing exponential amplification reaction triggered by the CRISPR-Cas9 system 
 
Author: Jayeon Song, Soohyun Kim,  Hyo Yong Kim, Kyung Hoon Hur, Yoosik Kim and Hyun Gyu Park 
 
Journal: Nanoscale, 2021, 13, 7193 
 
Abstract : We, herein, describe a novel method to detect mutation in DNA by utilizing exponential amplification reaction (EXPAR) triggered by clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9, called CRISPREXPAR. The CRISPR system consisting of two Cas9/sgRNA complexes was designed to cut out a specific mutation region within the target DNA, which would consequently promote EXPAR by continuously repeated extension and nicking reactions. As a consequence, a large number of final EXPAR products, which can be monitored through duplex-specific fluorescent staining, are produced. Based on this design principle, we successfully identified a model target mutation within the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) gene down to 437 aM with excellent specificity. The practical capability of this method was verified by reliably identifying the target mutation directly from the genomic DNA (gDNA) extracted from the lung cancer cell line, NCI-H1781 (H1781), and its universal applicability was further confirmed by identifying another EGFR L858R mutation. This technique could serve as a new isothermal platform to identify various mutations by rationally redesigning single guide RNA (sgRNA) according to the target mutation site. 

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