Controlling Molecular Orientation of Naphthalenediimide-Based Polymer Acceptors for HighPerformance All-Polymer Solar Cells
Author: Jihye Jung, Wonho Lee, Changyeon Lee, Hyungju Ahn, Bumjoon J.Kim
Journal: Advanced Energy Materials DOI: 10.1002/aen,.201600504
Molecular orientation, with respect to donor/acceptor interface andelectrodes, plays a critical role in determining the performance of all-polymersolar cells (all-PSCs), but is often difficult to rationally control. Here, aneffective approach for tuning the molecular crystallinity and orientation ofnaphthalenediimide-bithiophene-based n-type polymers (P(NDI2HD-T2)) bycontrolling their number average molecular weights (M) is reported. A series of P(NDI2HD-T2)polymers with different M of13.6 (),22.9 ( ),and 49.9 kg mol ) to face-on ( ) as well as more than a twofold increase in thecrystallinity. For example, the portion of face-on oriented crystallites isdramatically increased from 21.5% and 46.1%, to 78.6% for , and polymers. Thesedifferent packing structures in terms of the molecular orientation greatlyaffect the charge dissociation efficiency at the donor/acceptor interface andthus the short-circuit current density of the all-PSCs. All-PSCs with PTB7-Thas electron donor and as electron acceptor show the highest efficiencyof 6.14%, outperforming those with (5.08%) and (4.29%).